HIV & AIDS
  • HIV and AIDS is one of the biggest challenges we face as a country. The rate of infection is rapidly increasing and more and more people are getting ill and dying from AIDS. Individuals, families and communities are badly affected by the epidemic. The burden of care falls on the families and children of those who are ill. Often they have already lost a breadwinner and the meagre resources they have left are not enough to provide care for the ill person and food for the family.
  • Children who are orphaned are often deprived not only of parental care, but also of financial support. Many of them leave school and have no hope of ever getting a decent education or job. These children who grow up without any support or guidance from adults may become our biggest problem in the future.
  • Most of the people who are dying are between the ages of 20 and 45 - an age when most people are workers and parents. This has serious consequences for our economy and the development of the country.
  • AIDS can affect anyone. But it is clear that it is spreading faster to people who live in poverty and lack access to education, basic health services, nutrition and clean water. Young people and women are the most vulnerable. Women are often powerless to insist on safety measures and easily become infected by HIV positive partners. When people have other diseases like sexually transmitted diseases, TB or malaria they are also more likely to contract and die from AIDS.
  • Although AIDS has become very common it is still surrounded by silence. People are ashamed to speak about being infected .
  • People living with AIDS are exposed to daily prejudice born out of ignorance and fear. We cannot tackle this epidemic unless we can break the silence and remove the stigma [shame] that surrounds it.
  • The fight against AIDS has to happen on two main fronts - prevention and care. To prevent the spread of AIDS we have to educate people on how to prevent infection.
  • To deal with the results of the disease and the social problems it creates, we have to make sure that people living with AIDS get care and support to help them live longer and healthier lives. We also have to make sure that those who are dying are properly looked after.
  • HIV stands for Human Immuno deficiency Virus which is responsible for causing AIDS which stands for Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome.
  • It was first clinically observed in United States and then in 1968 in India - Chennai.
  • It was found that HIV has spread from monkey to human after world war II.
  • South Africa is the most vulnerable country, from which it has spread around the world.
  • HIV reduces the T-cell count of the body resulting in the overall suppression and weakening of the patient’s immune system making him/her highly susceptible to other opportunistic infections and diseases.
Infection and latency period
  • Acute infection
  • Clinical latency
  • AIDS
Treatment
  • HIV sufferers can live a normal life.
  • ART- Anti Retroviral Therapy is given to all the patients and it has the potential to reduce viral load and prevents the reduction of CD4 cells and helps in maintaining the immune response.
  • Gujarat has a total of 9 ART centers and one of them is Shri Krishna Medical Hospital, karamsad.

ORAL CANCER
  • Apart from HIV/AIDS, tobacco chewing is also a social menace in Gujarat. One of the major cash crop of Gujarat is tobacco district is and Anand is a major producer of the crop. The yield is around 1,200 kg/hectors and is substantially growing. Due to this reason ,easy availability of tobacco, the number of people chewing tobacco is equally high and hence is the large number of oral cancer patients.
With this easy to perform diagnostic technique we aim at:
  • Taking buccal cavity photograph with cellphone/handy cameras and then consulting cancer specialist doctor and getting back to the individual if at all they show pre-cancerous lesions.
Innovative long distance way of ‘Diagnosis of Oral Cancer’ among rural population:
  • Detecting the development of cancerous lesions at their initial stage to facilitate and to increase the efficacy of the treatment.
  • Creating awareness regarding the lethal effect and consequences of drugs and associated diseases.
  • Encouraging them to give up tobacco.
  • Arranging free counseling camps.